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Friday Message: Contracted forms of "to be"

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ABA English: Friday Message |
Friday Message

Contracted forms of "to be"
Hello there!

I hope you’re well and enjoying your Friday!

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Today we’re going to look at the contracted forms of the verb “to be” in the present simple. Remember that contractions are very common in informal writing and speech in English.

Before we continue, here’s a reminder of the verb “to be” in the present simple:

I am

You are

He / She / It is

We are

You (plural) are

They are

To make a contraction with a subject pronoun and the verb “to be”, join the two words and replace the first letter of the conjugated verb “to be” with an apostrophe.

I am
You are
He / She / It is
He's / She's / It's
We are
You (plural) are
They are

Have a look at the following dialogue between Richard (R) and Sandra (S) to see contractions in everyday speech:

S: Hey, Rich! I heard you’re going to Brazil this week!

R: Yes, I’m leaving on Thursday morning.

S: You’re so lucky. I’m just staying here the whole summer.

R: That’s unfortunate. Did you hear that John’s coming with me to Brazil? He’s buying his ticket tonight. We’re both really excited.

S: Have a great time!
To make a negative sentence, just add “not” after the contraction. For example,

- I’m not happy because it’s raining.

- She’s not coming to the party.

- They’re not tired today.

- We’re not going to the party because we haven’t been invited.

It is also possible to say “you aren’t” instead of “you’re not”, “he / she / it isn’t” instead of “he / she / it’s not”, “we aren’t” instead of “we’re not” and “they aren’t” instead of “they’re not”. For example,

- She isn’t coming to the party.

- They aren’t tired today.

- We aren’t going to the party because we weren’t invited.

I hope this has been helpful! Remember that for more on this subject, you can check out unit 3 of the online ABA course.

Have an awesome weekend!

Take care,

Graham Weeks

Your ABA Teacher
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